|Studies on Diabetes
||A 10 day study of ethanoloic extract and fractions showed decreased glucose level in streptozotocin-diabetic rats, but increased glycemia in normal rats (Soon and Tan 2002).
||Folk uses include gastrointestinal, renal, respiratory, menstrual disorders; cancer, arthritis and infections. (NMCD: http://www.naturaldatabase.com/monograph.asp?mono_id=758&brand_id=, accessed 4/27/04).
|Formulations used by Informants
||Commercially prepared pill/capsule/tablet.
||Essential oils, hexoic and octoic acids, paraffin and ester of ethyl and methyl alcohols. Anthraquinones (methyl ether and glycosidic forms), morindone, alizarin, xeronine, and damnacanthal have also been isolated (NMCD accessed 4/27/04).
|Potential Adverse Effects
||No clinical adverse effects were found.
|Potential Medication Interactions
||No clinical medication interactions were found.