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  Smilax L.
 
Scientific Name  Smilax L.
Family Name  Smilacaceae
Common Name  Sarsparilla, Zarzaparrilla
Photo link  http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/academic/medicine/alternative-healthcare/herbal-medicine/SWSBM/Images/S/Smilax_glauca.jpg
Studies on Diabetes  Peritoneal injection of the methanolic extract of roots from one speices (S .glabra) reduced the blood glucose in normal and KK-Ay mice, but not in streptozotocin-diabetic mice (Ageel et al 1989).
Other Uses  Folk uses include psoriasis and other skin diseases, arthritis, performance-enhancer in athletics; as a diaphoretic and diruetic (NMCD; http://www.naturaldatabase.com/monograph.asp?mono_id=379&brand_id=. accessed 4/27/04).
Formulations used by  Informants  Commercially prepared cold infusion (Quinoa).
Phytochemistry  Saponins (sarsapogenin, smilagenin), quercetin, and phytosterols(beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, pollinastanol) (NMCD accessed 4/27/04).
Potential Adverse  Effects  Large doses may cause gastrointestinal irritation or renal impairment (NMCD accessed 4/27/04).
Potential Medication  Interactions  May impair absorption of oral medications, particularly digitalis and hypnotic medications (NMCD accessed 4/27/04).
References  http://www.itis.usda.gov/index.html

 

 

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