||Turnera diffusa Willd. Ex Schult
||Damiana, pastorcita, hierba del venado, hierba de la pastora
|Studies on Diabetes
||Early reports suggested hypoglycemic action, but a more recent study in mice did not confirm this (Kay 1996, Alarcon-Agilar 2002).
||Folk uses include as an aphrodesiac, CNS stimulant, diabetes, erectile dysfunction and infertility (Kay 1996).
|Formulations used by Informants
||Cineol, alpha and beta-pinenes, beta-sitosterol; also cyanogenic glycoside and arbutin (which are considered toxic) but damiana is approved for food use (Kay 1996).
|Potential Adverse Effects
||Hallucinations, urethral irritation (may account for "aphrodisiac effect), hepatotoxicity in large doses (Feltrow 1999)
|Potential Medication Interactions
||No significant medication interactions noted
||Alarcon-Aguilar FJ, Roman-Ramos R, et. al. Investigation on the hypoglycaemic effects of four Mexican medicinal plants in normal and alloxan-diabetic mice. Phytother Res 01-Jun-2002; 16(4): 383-6.